The cleaning and care of textiles is another field where there are hygiene needs to be met right across the institutional and industrial spectrum. Hospitals and nursing homes, food factories and shops, restaurants and canteens, hotels, leisure facilities and even prisons all must have clothing and other textiles that are clean, comfortable and hygienic.Textiles can harbour and allow the spread of micro-organisms that can transmit infection and affect the safety and/or quality of food. In all these settings, ensuring textiles are free from microbial contamination is of the utmost importance where textiles are used, and shared at different times, by patients and customers, or used by staff providing care or handling food.